Agronomic characterization and genetic parameter estimation in yellow passion fruit
Keywords:Agronomic performance, plant breeding, passion fruit cultivation
The selection of yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis Sims) genotypes with high yield and fruit quality is essential for the development of passion fruit crop in the country. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the agronomic performance and estimate the genetic parameters of 32 yellow passion fruit genotypes cultivated in the Federal District, Brazil. The experiment consisted of randomized block design with 32 treatments, eight plants per plot, and four replications. Fruits were classified based on their equatorial diameter. Yield, number of fruits per hectare, and fruit weight were evaluated. Genotypes MAR20#23 and UnB-P7 presented the highest total yield, and MAR20#23 also showed the greatest total number of fruits per hectare. BRS GA1 and MAR20#23 had the best performance for industrial purposes dues to the fruits of smaller diameter classes. UnB-P7, AR-01, and MSC were more indicated for in natura consumption owing to the fruits of greater diameter classes. The high magnitude estimates for heritability and genetic variation coefficients indicate the possibility of greater genetic gains with direct selection for yield and number of fruits of 1C diameter class. Significant phenotypic correlations were observed, indicating the possibility of indirect selection for number of fruits, fruit weight, and yield.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2018 Hugo de Souza Motta Moreira, Anne Pinheiro Costa, José Ricardo Peixoto, Michelle Souza Vilela, Márcio de Carvalho Pires, Nilton Tadeu Vilela Junqueira
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.