Protein, lipid and isoflavone contents of food-type soybean lines at two sowing dates
Keywords:Glycine max, null lipoxygenase genotypes, genetic variability, chemical compounds, functional foods, principal components analysis
Few works have reported the relationship among genotype, temperature, rainfall and the chemical compounds of soybean. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the interaction effect between soybean food-type inbred lines sowed in two different dates and the contents of protein, oil and isoflavones. Eight lines with null lipoxygenase seeds classified as food-type soybean were sowed in October 7 (early sowing) and October 29 (late sowing) at 2013/2014 crop year. The oil, protein and isoflavones contents were determined and the data were analyzed by variance analysis (ANOVA), principal component analysis (PCA) and UPGMA hierarchical. The genetic variability, sowing date and interactions between inbred lines and sowing date showed differences for all characteristics, except for oil content that did not showed a significant effect to the interaction. The greater participation of complex interaction was attributed to protein content with 87.82 %. According to PCA and UPGMA results, the food-type soybean lines were separated into three groups and were consistent in both sowing dates. The UEL 131 and UEL 153 lines showed the highest isoflavones content for the two sowing dates, indicating these genotypes as promising for breeding programs.
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Copyright (c) 2018 Leandro Simões Azeredo Gonçalves, Gustavo Henrique Freiria, Cássio Egídio Cavenaghi Prete, Wilmar Ferreira Lima, José Marcos Gontijo Mandarino, Josemeyre Bonifácio da Silva, Renata Rodrigues Robaina
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.