Changes in past global solar radiation based on climate models and remote sensing in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Keywords:geotechnologies, landscape change, numerical models, urban climate
The objective of this study was to perform a temporal and spatial analysis of the changes in the past global solar radiation based on climate models and remote sensing data in the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil for the baseline period (1961-1990). Data from two climate models - the Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis and Geophysical Fluid Dynamic Laboratory, were used for the A1B intermediate scenario, data from Conventional Weather Stations and orbital sensor Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) MODIS Land Cover Type (MCD12Q1). The results of the Spatial Dependence Degree indicate that the best model to represent the global solar radiation is CCCMA-Exponential dry 70.01 and rainy 0.21 respectively. It was possible to verify that in places where the areas are occupied by forests there was reduction of global solar radiation for both dry and rainy periods of approximately 13 MJ m-2d-1. These results indicate that these forest areas can function as islands of freshness, while maintaining the thermal comfort balanced. It was concluded that the dry period had the highest values of solar radiation compared to the rainy (57%), which can be justified by the occurrence of fires in Rio de Janeiro.
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Copyright (c) 2018 Carolina Souza Leite de Jesus, Rafael Coll Delgado, Marcos Gervásio Pereira, Leonardo Paula de Souza, Carlos Antonio da Silva Junior, Larissa Pereira Ribeiro, Tays Silva Batista, Paulo Eduardo Teodoro
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.