'Taquari', a new and a promising mango material: emergence, post-harvest and biometrics of fruit

Authors

  • Guilherme Nacata Universidade de São Paulo
  • Renata Aparecida de Andrade Universidade Estadual Paulista
  • Kelly Magalhães Marques Centro Universitário Moura Lacerda
  • Ariadne Kaleda Marino Universidade Estadual Paulista
  • Ben-Hur Mattiuz Universidade Estadual Paulista

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v34n5a2018-39399

Keywords:

chemical characterization, Mangifera indica L., polyembryony, propagation

Abstract

The fruit of 'Taquari' have attractive appearance, with intense yellow flesh, pleasant taste and absence of fibers, which makes it a potential material for, after a series of studies, being released as a variety. For biometrics, 50 mature fruit were used the results (average of three samples) were evaluated by descriptive statistics using central trend (average) and variability of data (standard error and coefficient of variation). For the germination test, the seeds were extracted from ripe fruit and dried; subsequently, they were germinated in sachets containing the mixture soil:sand:corral manure (3:1:1) as substrate, evaluating seedling emergence and polyembryony. The design was in randomized blocks and 5 treatments were studied, with 5 replicates each and 10 seeds per replicate. The percentage data were transformed into arc-sen, submitted to analysis of variance and the means, to Tukey test at 5% probability. For fruit quality characterization, 12 ripe fruits were used, separated into 3 lots with 4 fruit, using a completely randomized design. The fruit were characterized regarding firmness, peel and pulp color, soluble solids, titratable acidity, pH, ascorbic acid and respiratory rate. We conclude that the 'Taquari' has fruit with interesting characteristics for the Brazilian market and there is a better seedling emergence in the absence of seed coat, but with a greater occurrence of polyembryony. For quality characterization, the fruit present parameters such as soluble solids and titratable acidity similar to the main varieties of mangoes sold in the country, but with emphasis to the high ascorbic acid content detected.

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Author Biography

Guilherme Nacata, Universidade de São Paulo

Engenheiro Agrônomo, formado no ano de 2014, junto a Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias (FCAV), da Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho (UNESP) - Campus de Jaboticabal/SP. Trabalho de conclusão de curso: Desenvolvimento de mudas e inicio de produção em condições de campo de abieiros oriundos de estaquia e enxertia (2013), sendo bolsista PROpe, Jovens Talentos. Estágio curricular na Monsanto do Brasil, realizado em Itapetininga/SP, na área de venda de sementes da cultura do milho, Dekalb, (2014).Mestre Agronomia (Produção Vegetal) junto a Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias (FCAV), da Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho (UNESP) - Campus de Jaboticabal/SP. Tendo como título, a dissertação: Jambeiro: propagação e aspectos morfológicos, com bolsa auxílio financeiro Capes, (2015). Doutorando em fitotecnia junto a Escola Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALQ), da Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Desenvolvendo tese: Manejo Ecológico do solo em abacateiros HASS (2017). Tem experiência na área de Agronomia, com ênfase em Produção de Mudas/Propagação, Matologia, cereais, fertilidade do solo e manejo do solo, atuando principalmente nos temas: propagação sexuada e assexuada de frutíferas em geral (clima tropical e exóticas); biometria de frutíferas; desenvolvimento de frutíferas; reconhecimento de plantas daninhas; controle de plantas daninhas; cultura do milho, microrganismos.

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Published

2018-10-11

How to Cite

NACATA, G., ANDRADE, R.A. de, MARQUES, K.M., MARINO, A.K. and MATTIUZ, B.-H., 2018. ’Taquari’, a new and a promising mango material: emergence, post-harvest and biometrics of fruit. Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 1178–1187. [Accessed19 May 2022]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v34n5a2018-39399. Available from: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/39399.

Issue

Section

Agricultural Sciences