IL-10 and TGF-β1 evaluation in 3D human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells culture and hypoxic condition


  • Vivian Alonso Goulart Federal University of Uberlândia
  • Bárbara Cândido de Oliveira Universidade Federal de Uberlândia
  • Yasmin Twanne de Cássia Silva Universidade Federal de Uberlândia
  • Jéssica Regina Costa Silva Universidade Federal de Uberlândia
  • Cristiane Angélico Duarte Universidade Federal de Uberlândia
  • Isabela Lemos de Lima Universidade Federal de Uberlândia



Stem cell, 3D culture, Cytokines


Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are multipotent cells derived from layer mesoderm and that have potential for self-renewal and cellular differentiation. These cells can be extracted from various tissues, being the main sources the bone marrow (BM) and adipose tissue (AT). Therefore, human Adipose-derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells (AdMSCs) are potentially able to differentiate in several cell types such as neurons, adipocytes and osteoblasts. The objective of this work was to quantify levels of the cytokines TGF-β1 and IL-10 in the conditioned medium (CM) of AdMSCs cultivated in 2D and 3D culture after the induction of hypoxia by Cobalt chloride chemistry (CoCl2). When the AdMSCs reached 80% of confluence, the cells were transferred to the 24 plates wells, where they were treated with CoCl2 in 2D and 3D culture. Quantification assay was made using human TGF-β1 and IL-10 kits. The analysis was done through the sandwich ELISA assay. The IL-10 and TGF-β1 production have increased when the AdMSCs were in three-dimensional culture and under hypoxic conditions, indicating that supplies of oxygen associated to the 3D culture influenced significantly the production of these cytokines. This can be a potent and low-cost strategy to improve Adipose-derived Stem Cells conditioned medium when it comes to the release of IL-10 and TGF-β cytokines. 


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Author Biography

Vivian Alonso Goulart, Federal University of Uberlândia

Instituto de Biotecnologia





How to Cite

GOULART, V.A., OLIVEIRA, B.C. de, SILVA, Y.T. de C., SILVA, J.R.C., DUARTE, C.A. and LIMA, I.L. de, 2018. IL-10 and TGF-β1 evaluation in 3D human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells culture and hypoxic condition . Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 719–726. [Accessed26 February 2024]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v34n3a2018-38404. Available from:



Biological Sciences