Puma (Puma concolor) predating sheep in Uberlândia, Brazil: physical injuries, stress and myopathy

Authors

  • Thaís de Almeida Moreira Universidade Federal de Uberlândia
  • Gilberto de Lima Macedo Júnior Universidade Federal de Uberlândia
  • Rafael Rocha de Souza Universidade Federal de Uberlândia
  • Márcio de Barros Bandarra Universidade Federal de Uberlândia
  • Matias Pablo Juan Szabó Universidade Federal de Uberlândia http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8642-3968

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v34n3a2018-37252

Keywords:

Predation, Ovine, Stress, Cause of death, Necropsy

Abstract

Puma (Puma concolor) is in Brazil among the major species involved in human-wildlife conflicts, primarily due to the predation of sheep and goats in farms. A puma might kill from one to several animals in a single predation episode, and free-ranging flocks of goats and sheep are usually affected. These attacks are rarely witnessed and direct observation of predation is rare. We herein report three predation episodes and the cause of death of sheep kept inside paddocks in a farm located besides a major town of Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Death of 31 animals was attributed to a puma as determined by circumstantial evidence, necropsy of 16 animals, laboratory findings and direct observation of the predator at the occurrence site. However, death of only eight animals was caused by traumatic injury mainly at the cervical region. The remaining animals lacked lethal traumatic injuries and post mortem examination indicated circulatory collapse (congestion of internal organs). Two surviving animals had a great increase in creatinine phosphokinase blood levels and thus death of remaining animals was attributed to stress and myopathy caused by fear and chasing of sheep trapped inside paddocks. Measures taken after the third predation episode (illumination of paddocks, pasture height control, vegetation clearance around the paddocks and closure of animals in stalls at night) prevented further attacks.

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Author Biography

Matias Pablo Juan Szabó, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia

associate professor

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Published

2018-05-30

How to Cite

MOREIRA, T. de A., MACEDO JÚNIOR, G. de L., DE SOUZA, R.R., BANDARRA, M. de B. and SZABÓ, M.P.J., 2018. Puma (Puma concolor) predating sheep in Uberlândia, Brazil: physical injuries, stress and myopathy . Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 697–702. [Accessed27 May 2022]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v34n3a2018-37252. Available from: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/37252.

Issue

Section

Agricultural Sciences