Performance of mango cultivars under subtropical conditions in the state of São Paulo


  • Jackson Mirellys Azevêdo Souza Universidade Estadual Paulista
  • Sarita Leonel Universidade Estadual Paulista
  • Joyce Helena Modesto Universidade Estadual Paulista
  • Rafael Augusto Ferraz Universidade Estadual Paulista
  • Marcelo de Souza Silva Universidade Estadual Paulista
  • Ana Carolina Batista Bolfarini Universidade Estadual Paulista



Mangifera indica L., Alternate bearing, Yield, Crop seasonality, Correlation


Mango is quite popular among tropical fruits, and has traits of a fast-expanding market. There is a huge variety of mango cultivars and their potential should be studied in order to be introduced in new producing regions with favourable edaphoclimatic characteristics for planting. The current study aimed to evaluate mango productive performance under subtropical conditions in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. The experiment was conducted with 'Espada Vermelha', 'Keitt' and 'Palmer' cultivars grafted onto rootstock 'Espada' over three crop cycles 2012-2013, 2013-2014 and 2014-2015. The experimental design was a randomized complete block, consisting of 3x3 factorial design, in which the first factor corresponds to the cultivars and the second factor to the evaluated crop cycles, with 10 replications and one plant per plot. The following variables were evaluated: number of fruits per panicle, number of fruits per plant, panicles percentage to the full aborted fruits, fruit fresh weight, production, yield, canopy volume, production efficiency and crop seasonality. Data analysis by Tukey test and Pearson´s correlation coefficients. Among the evaluated cultivars, Palmer has stood out with the best productive performance under the experiment conditions in the three evaluated crop cycles. The seasonal availability of cultivars should be explored so that there are fruit productions over a longer period of time. Correlations among productive traits varies according to the cultivar.  


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How to Cite

AZEVÊDO SOUZA, J.M., LEONEL, S., MODESTO, J.H., FERRAZ, R.A., SILVA, M. de S. and BOLFARINI, A.C.B., 2017. Performance of mango cultivars under subtropical conditions in the state of São Paulo . Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 1–11. [Accessed11 August 2022]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v34n1a2018-37163. Available from:



Agricultural Sciences