Boron alters cation exchange properties of corn roots but does not decrease aluminum toxicity


  • Julierme Zimmer Barbosa Universidade Federal do Paraná
  • Antonio Carlos Vargas Motta Universidade Federal do Paraná
  • Rangel Consalter Universidade Federal do Paraná
  • Volnei Pauletti Universidade Federal do Paraná



metals sorption, root traits, Ionic stress, Plant methods


Most studies that have registered amelioration of Al toxicity due to root cation exchange capacity (CEC) decrease with B application were conducted using eudicotyledonous species (high root CEC). However, the effect of B/Al interaction on the root CEC values in species with low root CEC such as corn (Zea mays L.) has been understudied. Thus, this study aimed to: (1) verify if B decreases root CEC and if it benefits the growth and nutrient uptake in corn plants under Al toxicity; and (2) verify which method of root CEC analysis better differentiates the effects of B and Al. Corn seedlings were grown in complete nutrient solution with the following treatments: 0, 50, and 200 mM of B versus 0 and 300 mM of Al. Root attributes showed correlations with nutrient depletion from the nutrient solution, but nutrient depletion generally varied with transpiration in two depletion tests. The addition of B or Al in nutrient solution decreased root CEC; however, B failed to decrease Al toxicity in corn plants. The four methods used to determine CEC of corn roots had contrasting results, particularly with respect to the effect of B in the presence of Al.


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How to Cite

BARBOSA, J.Z., MOTTA, A.C.V., CONSALTER, R. and PAULETTI, V., 2018. Boron alters cation exchange properties of corn roots but does not decrease aluminum toxicity . Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 917–926. [Accessed15 July 2024]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v34n1a2018-36637. Available from:



Agricultural Sciences