Revamping soil quality and correlation studies for yield and yield attributes in sorghum-legumes intercropping systems


  • Muhammad Aamir Iqbal University of Poonch Rawalakot
  • Asif Iqbal University of Agriculture Faisalabad
  • Zahid Maqbool University of Poonch Rawalakot
  • Zahoor Ahmad Islamia University Bahawalpur
  • Essa Ali University of Poonch Rawalakot
  • Muzammil H. Siddiqui University of Poonch Rawalakot
  • Sajid Ali University of Punjab, Lahore



Available nitrogen, Linear correlation, Mixed intercropping, Organic matter


Restoration, preservation and sustainability of agricultural resources including soil demands biologically and economically viable farming practices. For boosting physico-chemical properties of soil from 2012 to 2015, three legumes including cowpea, cluster bean and soybean were intercropped with sorghum in 40-60, 75-25 and 100-100 seed blending ratios, while pure stand of sorghum was kept for comparison. Correlation studies were also conducted to determine linear or inverse relationship between physiological and agronomic attributes with green forage yield of sorghum. Results revealed that intercropping systems were not effective in significantly improving the physical properties of soil, however soybean and sorghum mixed seeded crop in 100-100 seed ratioresulted in the highest total and available nitrogen especially during last two years of the study and it was followed by mixed seeded crop of cluster bean and sorghum (100-100 seed ratio), while pure stand of sorghum appeared to be the most exhaustive farming system. Correlation analysis depicted a linear relationship between all agronomic attributes (seedling count, plant population at harvest, plant height, stem diameter, number of leaves and leaf area per plant, fresh and dry weights per plant) and physiological growth parameters (leaf area index and leaf area duration, crop growth rate and net assimilation rate) with forage yield of sorghum. Thus, legumes inclusion was found to be effective in restoring soil fertility, while long term legumes inclusion by following rotation may be suggested.


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How to Cite

IQBAL, M.A., IQBAL, A., MAQBOOL, Z., AHMAD, Z., ALI, E., SIDDIQUI, M.H. and ALI, S., 2018. Revamping soil quality and correlation studies for yield and yield attributes in sorghum-legumes intercropping systems . Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 565–576. [Accessed13 April 2024]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v34n3a2018-36561. Available from:



Agricultural Sciences