Growth and physiology of citrus rootstocks under salt stress
Keywords:Citrus spp., Chlorophyll fluorescence, Growth rate, Gas exchange, Salinity
In order to study the growth and physiology of citrus rootstocks under saline water irrigation, during formation of rootstocks, an assay was carried out in a factorial scheme, 2 x 6, corresponding to two levels of salinity of the nutrient solution: 0.3 and 4.0 dS m-1 and six genotypes provided by the Citrus Breeding Program of Embrapa Cassava & Fruits-CBP, distributed in randomized block design with three replications. The genotypes were: 1.'Santa Cruz Rangpur' lime (SCRL) (Citrus limonia Osbeck), 2. 'Florida Rough' lemon (FRL) (Citrus jambhiri Lush.), 3. 'Volkamer' lemon (VKL) (C. volkameriana V. Ten. &Pasq.), 4. CSM x SWC- 028, 5. CSM x SWC- 033 and 6.CSM x SWC-041, the last three hybrids of common 'Sunki' mandarin (CSM) [C.sunki (Hayata) hort. ex Tanaka] with 'Swingle' citrumelo (SWC) [C. paradisi Macfad. x Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf.]. Nucellar plants from these genotypes were grown in alternative hydroponic system, using Leonard jars. Application of nutrient solution made with saline water started from 90 days after sowing until 120 days, when the growth and physiology parameters of plants were evaluated. Salt stress influenced the growth and physiological parameters in all genotypes. Salt stress did not influence the chlorophyll a fluorescence in the genotypes VKL and CSM x SWC- 041, indicating no damage to the photosynthetic apparatus. The CSM x SWC- 041, 'Santa Cruz Rangpur' lime, 'Florida Rough' lemon and 'Volkamer' lemon are the more tolerant genotypes to salinity based on growth rate.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2018 Francisco Vaniés da Silva Sá, Marcos Eric Barbosa Brito, Rômulo Carantino Lucena Moreira, Luderlândio de Andrade Silva, Walter Soares dos Santos Filho, Lizaiane Cardoso de Figueiredo, Hans Raj Gheyi, Pedro Dantas Fernandes
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.