Chalcones to control Alternaria alternata in murcott tangor fruits

Authors

  • Renato Barbosa Camargos Universidade Federal de Lavras
  • Fabiano José Perina Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária
  • Daniel Diego Costa Carvalho Universidade Estadual de Goiás
  • Eduardo Alves Universidade Federal de Lavras
  • Alessandra Mascarello Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
  • Louise Domeneghini Chiaradia-Delatorre Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
  • Rosendo Augusto Yunes Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
  • Ricardo José Nunes Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
  • Denilson Ferreira Oliveira Universidade Federal de Lavras

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v32n6a2016-33267

Keywords:

Alternaria brown spot, citrus, mandarin, chemical control

Abstract

Alternaria brown spot (ABS), caused by the fungus Alternaria alternata pathotype tangerine, is one of the main phytosanitary problems for mandarin growers. About 15 applications per year of harmful fungicides are required for controlling ABS disease in citrus orchards. As chalcones seem to be less toxic to humans and environment than the commercial fungicides in use, this study initially aimed at synthesizing 137 chalcones through aldolic condensations between benzaldehydes and acetophenones. The resulting chalcones were screened for activity against A. alternata through a fungal growth assay that was carried out in 96-cell polypropylene plates, using the same concentration to all studied substances. The four active chalcones underwent conidia germination and mycelial growth, which confirmed the antifungal activity of the compounds. These chalcones were then poured onto Murcott tangor fruit that had been inoculated with conidia of the fungus. All four chalcones reduced the ABS progress to values significantly smaller (P≤0.05) than that observed for the control. Statistical calculations showed that the best results were afforded by two compounds, bearing a 2,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl group at position 3 of prop-2-enal and a 3-nitro- or 3-hydroxyphenyl group at position 1 of the aldehyde. Such compounds reduced the incidence of the disease in Murcott tangor fruit to values that did not differ statistically from those obtained with a commercial fungicide.

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Published

2016-12-06

How to Cite

CAMARGOS, R.B., PERINA, F.J., CARVALHO, D.D.C., ALVES, E., MASCARELLO, A., CHIARADIA-DELATORRE, L.D., YUNES, R.A., NUNES, R.J. and OLIVEIRA, D.F., 2016. Chalcones to control Alternaria alternata in murcott tangor fruits . Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 1512–1521. [Accessed22 May 2022]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v32n6a2016-33267. Available from: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/33267.

Issue

Section

Agricultural Sciences