Tillering dynamic and structural characteristics of tropical grasses under cutting management
Keywords:Brachiaria, Cenchrus, Tiller generation, Panicum, Semiarid.
This paper aimed to evaluate the dynamics of tillering, tiller density and structural characteristics of Brachiaria brizantha, Panicum maximum and Cenchrus ciliaris under a cutting regime. The utilized design was randomized blocks with six treatments (cultivars) and three replications. The evaluations were conducted from May to September 2011, with the data grouped into two periods, rainy season and beginning of the dry season. The greatest tiller population density was observed in the Massai cultivar, averaging 1,019 tillers.m-2. The tiller mortality rate was higher for Mombaça and less for Piatã cultivars. The highest values for forage mass, percentage of leaf blades and relations between green mass:dead mass were observed in Brachiaria brizantha and Panicum maximum cultivars. Panicum and Brachiaria cultivars have shown to be promising for cultivation in the transition areas between the Atlantic Forest and Caatinga biomes in Northeastern Brazil. Cenchrus cultivars are less productive in environments without restriction of abiotic factors.
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Copyright (c) 2016 Alano Albuquerque Luna, Gelson dos Santos Difante, Denise Baptaglin Montagner, João Virgínio Emerenciano Neto, Itânia Maria Medeiros de Araujo, Leonardo Santana Fernandes
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.