Mutagenicity, antioxidant activity and nutritional content of long-life tomato

Authors

  • Célia C.M. Figueiredo Universidade Estadual Paulista
  • Amanda C. Gomes Universidade Estadual Paulista
  • Erika C.T. Mello Peixoto Universidade Estadual do Norte do Paraná
  • Paulo C. Ferreira Universidade Estadual Paulista
  • Regildo Márcio Gonçalves Silva Universidade Estadual Paulista
  • Luciana Pereira Silva Universidade Estadual Paulista

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v32n4a2016-32806

Keywords:

DPPH, Solanum lycopersicum, micronúcleos, aberrações cromossómicas, melhoramento genético

Abstract

The increasing tomato demand for the food market motivates improvements and the use of new biotechnologies in this fruit's production. The hybrid crop stands out for fruit production resistant to rot and postharvest wilt (long-life crops). Within this context, consumption of genetically modified food deserves attention regarding the safety and nutritional aspects due to the fact that inclusion and/or overexpression of genetic traits can cause harm to human health in the short or long term. In this scenario, this study aimed to evaluate genotoxicity and mutagenicity from different varieties of long-life tomatoes obtained by genetic breeding and also determines main bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity. The genotoxicity and mutagenicity were analyzed via the micronucleus test and the evaluation of chromosome aberrations in mice bone marrow respectively. We have also analyzed carotene, beta-carotene, lycopene, total phenol and flavonoid contents via spectrophotometry and antioxidant activity via DPPH radical scavenging assay. Considering the results obtained, it is possible to conclude that despite the absence of significant genotoxic activity among the evaluated samples, the antioxidant activity and the differences found in composition seems to be ruled by genetic factors, possibly due to the genetic breeding. 

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Published

2016-07-08

How to Cite

FIGUEIREDO, C.C., GOMES, A.C., MELLO PEIXOTO, E.C., FERREIRA, P.C., SILVA, R.M.G.. and SILVA, L.P., 2016. Mutagenicity, antioxidant activity and nutritional content of long-life tomato . Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 999–1007. [Accessed9 December 2022]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v32n4a2016-32806. Available from: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/32806.

Issue

Section

Agricultural Sciences