Different methods of assessing susceptibility of soybean genotypes to white mold
Keywords:Glycine max, Pathogen, Resistance, Sclerotinia sclerotiorum
White mold caused by the fungus Sclerotinia sclerotiorum is an important disease in relation to soybean. The use of less susceptible genotypes can be a productive strategy in the management of this disease, and the development of an appropriate methodology for soybean inoculation is useful for the differentiation of disease-resistant genotypes. The present study aimed to assess the susceptibility of 77 soybean genotypes based on their reaction to oxalic acid, as well as to determine correlations between three traditional disease assay methods (detached leaf, non-wounded stem and straw tests) and the results of the oxalic acid assay. Oxalic acid susceptibility was assessed by using a wilting score scale. For the other methods, the severity of disease symptoms was assessed. To compare methodologies, the values obtained for the genotypes using each method were categorized into classes, and a severity index was used to represent individuals within each class. All the methods used were efficient for the differentiation of soybean genotypes in terms of susceptibility to S. sclerotiorum; however, the behavior of the genotypes depended on the inoculation method adopted. Even though no significant relationship was identified between the severities of the damage resulting from the methodologies, the rankings acquired from the methods strongly agreed. The oxalic acid method was the most rapid, the least laborious, and was the cheapest compared with the other methods that were used.
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Copyright (c) 2016 Guilherme de Camargo Huller, David de Souza Jaccoud Filho, Marcelo Luiz Cunha Pierre, Hamilton Edemundo Tullio, Edilaine Maurícia Gelinski Grabicoski, Fernando Cezar Juliatti
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.