Genetic, environmental effects and storage period in onion seeds quality
Keywords:Allium cepa, Physiological quality, Deterioration., Agricultural Sciences
In several species, seed longevity may be influenced by genotype and storage environment. It is scarce researches that evaluated those effects in onion seeds. From the exposed, it was aimed to evaluate the behavior from onion seeds of different genotypes stored in three conditions of relative humidity (25; 35 and 45% RH) monitored during six different storage periods. The research was executed at the Laboratório de Análise de Sementes e Recursos Genéticos from Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Monte Carmelo Campus -MG. After harvested, the seeds of two cultivars were storaged in three conditions (SC): 25, 35 e 45% of relative humidity (RH). It was kept the same temperature (17ºC) in all storage conditions. After one year of storage, it was collected monthly seed samples of each genotype inside each storage condition for evaluation of physiological potential with vigor and germination tests. There was significant effect in germination and vigor of the seeds in the storage period and condition and in genotype versus environment, in all analysed variables. The quality of onion seeds may be influenced by genotype, storage conditions and storage period. The best condition to storage onion seeds is at 35% of RH. Seed deterioration was increased with storage period, although, short storage periods have increased germination rates.
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Copyright (c) 2015 Gabriel Mascarenhas Maciel, Fábio Janoni Carvalho, Marco Aurélio Rocha Fernandes, Igor Forigo Beloti, Camila Soares de oliveira
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.