Arterial vascularization of the cloacal bursa of the greater rhea (Rhea americana americana Linnaeus, 1758)
Keywords:Cloacal-bursa artery, Cloacal artery, Mesenteric caudal artery, Fowls, Ratites, Immunologic system
The cloacal bursa is an organ in fowls, which triggers lymphocyte maturation and transference to other tissues. Since there is scanty information on its morphology in wild species in spite of its importance in the fowlsÂ´ immunological system, current analysis describes the arterial vascularization of the cloacal bursa in the greater rhea. Twenty juvenile rheas (male and female), which died of natural causes, were obtained from the Center for the Multiplication of Wild Animals (CEMAS/UFERSA).Â The animals were dissected and their thoracic aorta cannulated and red-stained Latex Neoprene 650 was introduced. The cloacal bursa was irrigated from the terminal branches of the abdominal aorta similar to the caudal mesenteric artery and to the right and left internal iliac arteries. The right and left internal pudenda arteries originated from the right and left internal iliac arteries which, in their turn, gave rise to cloacal-bursa arteries and to the right and left cloacal arteries in all studied animals. The caudal mesenteric artery contributed to the arterial blood of the cloacal bursa in almost all studied animals through the anastomosis of right or left internal pudenda artery, with direct branches to the cloacal bursa. The cloacal bursa of the greater rhea is irrigated by cloacal-bursa arteries and cloacal right and left and also by the mesenteric caudal artery, with small variations with regard to the number and layout of the anastomoses and branches from the arteries. The latter are specific characteristics and differentiate them from standards perceived in other fowls.
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Copyright (c) 2016 Radan Elvis Matias de Oliveira, Gleidson Benevides de Oliveira, Ferdinando Vinicius Fernandes Bezerra, Felipe Venceslau Câmara, Herson da Silva Costa, André Vinícius Nunes Silva, Hélio Noberto de Araújo júnior, Moacir Franco de Oliveira
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