Use of the enzyme gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) as an indirect measure of passive transfer of immunity in holstein calves and association with the occurrence of diarrhea after birth

Authors

  • Luiz Carlos Negri Filho Universidade Norte do Paraná
  • Célio Eduardo Sargentin Pereira Universidade Norte do Paraná
  • Pedro Herique Newbery Chineze Universidade Norte do Paraná
  • Alexey Leon Gomel Bogado Universidade Norte do Paraná
  • Dalton Evert Bronkhorst Universidade Norte do Paraná
  • Michele Lunardi Universidade de Cuiabá
  • Werner Okano Universidade Norte do Paraná

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v32n2a2016-29476

Keywords:

Passive immunity. Newborn calves. Gamma-glutamyl transferase. Colostrum.

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) levels and its relationship with diarrhea and passive transfer of immunity in Holstein calves within 24 hours and 30 days of life from Leopolis municipality, the north Parana region. Colostrum is rich in immunoglobulins and vital for immunity to newborn calves, since bovine placenta does not allow the passage of immunoglobulin to the fetus. Calves undergo various challenges that can lead to disease and death in the first month of life, including diarrhea. Diarrhea has a multifactorial etiology, and the passive immunity transferred through ingestion of colostrum is able to protect the calf against many of these etiologic agents. GGT measurements indirectly infer the amount of immunoglobulin ingested by the calf. Higher serum GGT levels (381.72 IU / L) were found at 24 hours, and a significant reduction was observed at 30 days (66.22 IU / L). When the presence or absence of diarrhea was associated with GGT levels above and below 200 IU / L, no statistical significance (P> 0.05) was observed, since 80% of animals with diarrhea had serum GGT levels higher than 200 IU / L. Under the conditions of this study, there was no relationship between the GGT concentration and the occurrence of diarrhea, and no mortality was observed despite some animals presented diarrhea.

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Published

2016-04-04

How to Cite

NEGRI FILHO, L.C., PEREIRA, C.E.S., CHINEZE, P.H.N., BOGADO, A.L.G., BRONKHORST, D.E., LUNARDI, M. and OKANO, W., 2016. Use of the enzyme gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) as an indirect measure of passive transfer of immunity in holstein calves and association with the occurrence of diarrhea after birth . Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 455–459. [Accessed2 December 2022]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v32n2a2016-29476. Available from: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/29476.

Issue

Section

Agricultural Sciences