Occurrence and diversity of Ralstonia solanacearum populations in Brazil
Keywords:Bacterial wilt, Phylotypes, Genetic diversity, Phenotypic characterization
Ralstonia solanacearum is a gram-negative soil-borne bacterium capable of infection of hundreds of vegetable species over more than 50 botanical families, causing bacterial wilt, except for bananas, when the disease is called Moko. It deserves special attention, from all other plant pathogenic bacteria, for its high phenotypic and genotypic plasticity, a characteristic that makes disease control extremely difficult. In this context, frequent and necessary surveys are conduct in the attempt of characterizing the prevailing strains of R. solanacearum in each region where the disease has been reported. However, knowledge about occurrence and diversity of R. solanacearum in Brazil is fragmented and in some cases, based on inconclusive studies with few strains, little representative of a given region. The need to obtain a greater picture guided this review. The occurrence of this bacterium in Brazilian States and the possible causes for its dissemination are presented, with emphasis on studies of genetic variability of populations of R. solanacearum in the country. The compiled results report a wide distribution of the bacterium in Brazil and great variability of its populations among locations. Partly due to the difficulty of detecting small titer of bacteria in samples, paucity of information about the origin of inoculum in certain regions is observed, as well as the need for detecting the presence of the pathogen in asymptomatic plants, potato tubers with latent infections, soil, and water, which are the major causes of bacterial dissemination into areas without any disease history.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2015 Tâmara Prado Morais, Carlos Alberto Lopes, Nilvanira Donizete Tebaldi, José Magno Queiroz Luz
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.