Initial height and nitrogen fertilization on deferred signalgrass
Keywords:Brachiaria decumbens, production seasonality, sward structure, tillering
Thus study was conducted with the objective of evaluating production and forage characteristics of Signalgrass (Brachiaria decumbens cv. Basilisk) deferred at different initial heights and nitrogen doses. Three initial sward heights (low - 10 cm, medium - 20 cm and high - 30 cm), three nitrogen doses (40, 80 and 120 kg/ha) and a control treatment, of no fertilization were evaluated. The experimental design utilized was of completely randomized blocks with three replications, in a subdivided-plot arrangement. There was no interaction between sward initial height and nitrogen dose for the variables analyzed. The Signalgrass deferred at an elevated initial height presented greater masses of forage, live stem, dead stem and dead leaves; higher percentage of dead stem and falling rate; and lower number of vegetative tillers, percentage of live leaves and live leaf/live stem ratio. Elevation in the nitrogen dose increase along with the number of live and vegetative tillers; masses of forage, live stem, dead stem, dead leaves and live leaves; percentage of live stem; and live tissue/dead tissue ratio; and reduced the percentage of dead leaves and the live leaf/live stem ratio. Signalgrass can be deferred at low and medium initial heights and varied nitrogen doses, according to the objectives and possibilities of the farmer.
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Copyright (c) 2015 Arejacy Antônio Sobral Silva, Dilermando Miranda da Fonseca, Manoel Eduardo Rozalino Santos, Braulio Maia de Lana Sousa, Virgílio Mesquita Gomes, Reinaldo Bertola Cantarutti
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.