THE RISK OF DYING OF SUICIDE IN BRAZIL: A STUDY CARRIED OUT ACCORDING TO SEX, AGE AND INDIGENOUS ETHNICTIY
Palavras-chave:Epidemiology, Public health, DATASUS, Mental health, Depression
Aims: to identify the causes of suicide in the Brazilian municipalities, pointing out biological sex, age and indigenous ethnicity. Methodolgy: it was an ecological study through gathering of data, according to SUS Informatics Department to obtain a number of events related to the willingly occasionated damage and the residing population in the variables of sex, age group between 10 and 29 years old and elderly, and indigenous ethnicity according to the Brazilian municipality, in the period between 2003 and 2012. The Standardized Mortality Ratio (SMR) was used to identify municipalities where the intensity of death by suicide is more significant, compared to all the Brazilian territory. Results: it was observed that in all the analyzed focused data there is a predominancy in the states of Mato Grosso do Sul (MS) and Rio Grande do Sul (RS), with emphasis on suicide among the elderly in RS and of indigenous in MS. Conclusion: this study could find the distribution of the events, which matters significantly to the public health, subsidizing the formulation of hypothesis so that the phenomenon is analyzed in an appropriated way in Brazil, discussing some social and political aggravating prevention factors which are linked to suicide.