Molecular biology as a diagnostic tool for detection of Leptospira spp. in cows of a border region – case report

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v37n0a2021-49895

Keywords:

Acre, Bovinae, Herd, Leptospirosis, PCR, Reproduction, Vaginal Mucus.

Abstract

The reproductive efficiency of livestock is the basis for the success of livestock, dairy or beef, and having high reproductive performance depends on several factors within the production system and the presence of infectious diseases of the reproductive sphere in the herd is one of the factors that can compromise that efficiency. The aim of this study was to use molecular biology as a diagnostic tool for the detection of Leptospira spp. DNA in cows with reproductive disorders on a rural property in the municipality of Boca do Acre, Amazonas, Brazil. Vaginal mucus was collected from nine Nelore breeding cows with a history of abortion and birth of weak calves submitted to DNA extraction and nested-PCR technique for 16S gene amplification at the bacterial genus level. Of the nine samples analyzed, five (55.55%) amplified a product of 331bp. The municipality of Boca do Acre is bordered by Peru and Bolivia, and knowledge of the prevalence of the disease, serovars, and circulating Leptospira species is essential for the adoption of measures related to animal husbandry, as well as health education for ranchers and their workers to avoid a possible occupational infection since this disease is considered an important zoonosis. New molecular studies using primers that allow the identification of the Leptospira species and mainly pathogenic species should be conducted in this region in order to elucidate the possible species of this etiological agent and the possible reservoirs of the disease to begin the understanding of the epidemiology of this disease in cattle in this region of border.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

ALFIERI, A.A., et al. Frequency of group A rotavirus in diarrhoeic calves in Brazilian cattle herds, 1998–2002. Tropical Animal Health and Production. 2006, 38(7-8), p. 521- 526. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-006-4349-9

ANZAI, E.K. Utilização da PCR para o diagnóstico da leptospirose em cães naturalmente infectados por Leptospira spp. 2006. 48f. Dissertação (Mestrado) - Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência Animal, Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Londrina, Paraná, 2006.

BAL, A.E., et al. Detection of leptospires in urine by PCR for early diagnosis of leptospirosis. Journal of Clinical Microbiology.1994, 32(8), 1894-1898. https://doi.org/10.1128/jcm.32.8.1894-1898.1994

BARRAGAN, V., NIETO, N., KEIM, P. and PEARSON, T. Meta-analysis to estimate the load of Leptospira excreted in urine: beyond rats as important sources of transmission in low-income rural communities. BMC research notes. 2017, 10(1), 71-78. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-017-2384-4

CERVANTES, L.P.M., et al. Estudio serológico de leptospirosis bovina en México. Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical. 2002, 54(1), 24-27.

DIRECTOR, A., et al. Isolation of Leptospira interrogans Hardjoprajitno from vaginal fluid of a clinically healthy ewe suggests potential for venereal transmission. Journal of medical microbiology. 2014, 63(9) 1234-1236. https://doi.org/10.1099/jmm.0.065466-0

EMBRAPA. Leptospirose. 1999 Available from: http://www.agencia.cnptia.embrapa.br/Agencia8/AG01/arvore/AG01_145_21720039244.html.

FAINE, S., ADLER, B., BOLIN, C., and PEROLAT, P. Leptospira and Leptospirosis. 2nd ed. Australia: MediSci, 1999.

FERREIRA, A.S., et al. Direct detection and differentiation of pathogenic Leptospira species using a multi-gene targeted real time PCR approach. PLoS One. 2014, 9(11), e112312. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112312

GROOMS, D.L., 2015. Infectious Agents: Leptospirosis. In: HOPPER, R.M. (ed.). Bovine Reproduction. Starkville: John Wiley & Sons, pp. 529-532.

HAMOND, C., et al. Urinary PCR as an increasingly useful tool for an accurate diagnosis of leptospirosis in livestock. Veterinary Research Communications. 2014, 38(1), 81-85. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11259-013-9582-x

IBGE. Bôca do Acre. 2018. Available from: https://pt.db-city.com/Brasil--Amazonas--B%C3%B4ca-do-Acre. Access at: 29 aug. 2020.

LILENBAUM, W., et al. Detection of Leptospira spp. in semen and vaginal fluids of goats and sheep by polymerase chain reaction. Theriogenology. 2008, 69(7), 837-842. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2007.10.027

MÉRIEN, F., et al. Polymerase chain reaction for detection of Leptospira spp. in clinical samples. Journal of clinical microbiology. 1992, 30(9), 2219-2224. https://doi.org/10.1128/jcm.30.9.2219-2224.1992

NALLY, J.E., et al. Comparison of Real-Time PCR, Bacteriologic Culture and Fluorescent Antibody Test for the Detection of Leptospira borgpetersenii in Urine of Naturally Infected Cattle. Veterinary Sciences. 2020, 7(2), 66, 2020. https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci7020066

OIE. Manual de diagnóstico, testes e vacinas de animais terrestres. 2008.

OLIVEIRA, F.S., et al. Avaliação histológica e imuno-histoquímica da colonização vaginal por Leptospira em vacas com fluido vaginal positivo à PCR. Revista Brasileira de Medicina Veterinária. 2016, 38(Supl.1), 163-167. https://rbmv.org/BJVM/article/view/266

OLIVEIRA, A.F., et al. Serological diagnosis and molecular characterization of Leptospira spp. in the blood and urine of bovine females from refrigerated slaughterhouses. Semina: Ciências Agrárias. 2018, 39(3), 1125-1134. https://doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2018v39n3p1125

PELLEGRIN, A.O., et al. Prevalencia da leptospirose em bovinos do Pantanal Mato-Grossense. Embrapa Pantanal-Comunicado Técnico (INFOTECA-E). 1999. Available from: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/805159

REITSTETTER, R.E. Development of species-specific PCR primer sets for the detection of Leptospira. FEMS microbiology letters. 2006, 264(1), 31-39. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6968.2006.00431.x

STODDARD, R.A., et al. Detection of pathogenic Leptospira spp. through TaqMan polymerase chain reaction targeting the LipL32 gene. Diagnostic microbiology and infectious disease. 2009, 64(3), 247-255. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2009.03.014

WHO, World Health Organization; International Leptospirosis Society. Human Leptospirosis: Guidance for Diagnosis, Surveillance and Control. 2003, 109p.

Downloads

Published

2021-10-28

How to Cite

PASTRE, G.B., SANTOS, I.C., BARBOSA, L.N., MOTA, E.A., CHIDEROLI, R.T.., PEREIRA, U. de P.. and DIB GONÇALVES, D., 2021. Molecular biology as a diagnostic tool for detection of Leptospira spp. in cows of a border region – case report. Bioscience Journal [online], vol. 37, pp. e37067. [Accessed14 August 2022]. DOI 10.14393/BJ-v37n0a2021-49895. Available from: https://seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/49895.

Issue

Section

Agricultural Sciences